Putlocker: Expectations vs. Reality
Putlocker refers to different online file hosting index websites used for streaming entertainment media, particularly movies and tv series, free of charge. The preliminary website originated in the United Kingdom as early as 2011, and grew to get countless everyday visitors after the shutdown of Megaupload. In May 2016, the website was obstructed in the UK by a High Court order,  and at its peak prior to a short-lived closure in late 2016, Alexa Web listed Putlocker as ranking among the leading 250 most-visited sites worldwide. Putlocker has actually been reported by the Movie Association of America (MPAA) as a significant piracy hazard.
Putlocker's domain address has actually changed multiple times throughout its history, with a number of URLs bearing the Putlocker name being suspended or taken. It is not openly known whether an official Putlocker site preserved by the original team stays readily available online, however at least fifty mirror or proxy websites, a number of which utilize the Putlocker name, have been identified.
Putlocker stemmed in the UK under the URL putlocker.com. In early January 2012, the site received about 800,000 visitors a day, but after the popular site Megaupload was closed down due to copyright infringement, Putlocker began getting around 1.6 million visitors a day The site's operations officer, Adrian Petroff, discovered Megaupload's closure fretting, stating "who needs SOPA when a studio officer can make a wish/hit list and websites 'voluntarily' shut down?"
In March 2012, Putlocker was recognized by Alfred Perry, vice president for around the world content protection at Paramount Pictures, as one of the "leading 5 rogue cyberlocker services".  The site's URL was changed to putlocker.bz, an address which was taken by the Cops Copyright Crime System of the UK in June 2014, and was consequently changed to putlocker.is, a domain located in Iceland.
From around early October 2016, the putlocker.is address showed a mistake specifying that the website's host service was unattainable.  Around this time, the Movie Association of America (MPAA) reported Putlocker to the Workplace of the United States Trade Agent as a piracy risk. The MPAA revealed that Putlocker ran from Vietnam, which its servers were hosted by the Swiss company Personal Layer.
Prior to its closure, putlocker.is was noted among the 250 leading sites globally and the leading 150 in the United States, according to Alexa information. A mirror site under the address putlocker.today appeared shortly after the presumed termination of putlocker.is, and on October 17, 2016, an address under the name putlocker9.com was reported to be offered.
On 2 November 2016, the putlocker.is address became active once again, redirecting its users to the updated URL putlockers.ch.On 27 February 2017, the putlockers.ch address was suspended after a judgment by a Tribunal d'arrondissement of Luxembourg in favour of the Belgian Entertainment Association, and the URL transferred ownership to EuroDNS. The primary legal officer of EuroDNS, Luc Seufer, specified that EuroDNS is required to "avoid any 'reactivation' of this domain name [putlockers.ch] until its expiration click here date". Following the seizure of the putlockers.ch address, the formerly used putlocker.is domain was made practical once again.
In March 2017, it was reported that Ted Osius, then United States Ambassador to Vietnam, held a meeting with Truong Minh Tuan, Vietnam's Minister of Details and Communications, throughout which Osius urged for the prosecution of Putlocker, together with the websites 123Movies and KissCartoon, for copyright violation.
Not long after, putlocker.is, which changed to putlockertv.is and subsequently putlockers.cc, was reported to reroute visitors to a scamming site.  In May 2017, a minimum of 3 working sites bearing the Putlocker name were understood to be offered: putlocker.rs, with a Serbian top-level domain (TLD), putlockertv.ist, with an Istanbulite TLD, and putlockerhd.is, with an Icelandic one.
In July 2017, the International Service Times reported that "15% of internet users in the UK are either infringing copyright through streaming or prohibited downloads, with pirated TELEVISION material mostly accessed through Kodi (16%) or Putlocker (17%)".  In August 2017, Justice John Nicholas of the Federal Court of Australia purchased Australian internet service suppliers to block access to 42 piracy sites in a case brought by Town Roadshow, with Putlocker, KissCartoon, and GoMovies being among those bought to be blocked.
In June 2018, Trevon Maurice Franklin of Fresno, California pleaded guilty to breaching federal copyright law back in February 2016, when he downloaded the superhero movie Deadpool from Putlocker and then published it to Facebook eight days after the movie was launched theatrically in the United States.  As a result, the movie was viewed over 6 million times free of charge, with the total retail value of the copies being approximated at around $2,500.  U.S. District Judge John A. Kronstadt set 27 September as the sentencing date for the federal class-A misdemeanor, which carries a possible charge of as much as one year in jail, together with a $100,000 fine.  After missing the September 27 sentencing hearing, Franklin was sentenced in October to 24 days in federal detention followed by a year of monitored release, including 20 hours of social work per week.